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Fatimah bint Muhammad (Arabic: فَاطِمَة ٱبْنَت مُحَمَّد, romanized: Fāṭimah bint Muḥammad, IPA: [ˈfaːtˤima b.nat muˈħammad]; 605 CE/18 BH [disputed] – 28 August 632/14 Jumada al-awwal 11 AH), commonly known as Fatimah al-Zahra (Arabic: فَاطِمَة ٱلزَّهْرَاء, romanized: Fāṭimah al-Zahrāʾ), was born to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah.


Sunni Muslims hold that Fatimah was the youngest of their daughters, whereas Shia Muslims maintain that Fatimah was the only biological daughter of the couple.


Fatimah's husband was Ali, the fourth of the Rashidun Caliphs and the first Shia Imam. Fatimah's children include Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Shia Imams, respectively.


Fatimah occupies a similar position in Islam that Mary, mother of Jesus, occupies in Christianity.


Fatimah was regarded by Muhammad as the outstanding woman of all time and the dearest person to him.


Fatimah is often viewed as an ultimate archetype for Muslim women and an example of compassion, generosity, and enduring suffering.


Her name remains a popular choice throughout the Muslim world. It is through Fatimah that Muhammad's family line has survived to this date.


Controversy surrounds Fatimah's death, within six months of Muhammad's demise. Sunni Islam holds that Fatimah died from grief. In Shia Islam, however, Fatimah's (miscarriage and) death are viewed as the direct result of the injuries that she suffered during a raid on her house, ordered by the first caliph, Abu Bakr.


Fatimah and her husband, Ali, had refused to acknowledge the authority of Abu Bakr. The couple and their supporters held that Ali was the rightful successor of Muhammad, appointed by him at the Event of Ghadir Khumm.


It is well-documented that Fatimah's dying wish was that Abu Bakr should not attend her funeral. She was buried under the cover of darkness and her exact burial place remains unknown to this day.


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